Ashura Encyclopedia

Salam alaikom dear brothers and sisters
I am going to post here a series of posts i called " ashura encyclopedia", i collectes from various websites and wanted to share them with you.
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Thirty thousand first-time pilgrims to visit Imam Reza holy shrine during four months


SHAFAQNA – Director of Pilgrims Affairs of Oppressed Relief Department of Astan Quds Razavi, announced the attendance of over thirty thousand first-time-pilgrims to the Razavi Holy Shrine during the last four months.
Masoud Mojaradi said “During four months that has passed from the establishment of the Oppressed Relief Department of Astan Quds Razavi, more than thirty thousand first-time-pilgrims, over forty years old, who due to financial hardships and deprivation had not been able to visit Imam Reza (A.S.) Court, by the efforts of Astan Quds Razavi and the assistance of donors have attended the Razavi Holy Shrine from all around the country.”
“In “Mehr-e Derakhshan” program, Astan Quds Razavi in partnership with aiding agencies such as Imam Khomeini (R.A.) Relief Foundation, Welfare Organization, Revolutionary Guards, and reputable NGO charities across the country, brings the aspirants of pilgrimage to the Razavi Holy Shrine, generally from deprived areas to the holy city of Mashhad to hopefully someday, no individual in the country due to the financial problems is excluded from the pilgrimage of Imam Reza (A.S.), he reiterated.”
“Registration, selection and transportation of pilgrims to the holy city of Mashhad, will be performed by Imam Khomeini (R.A.) Relief foundation, Welfare Organization, Revolutionary Guards, and reputable NGO charities, and Astan Quds Razavi provides breakfast, lunch, dinner, health and cultural services for pilgrims in the holy city of Mashhad, they would also contribute to the accommodation and transportation as much as possible” Mojaradi asserted, stressing on the fact that Astan Quds Razavi would never be involved independently and it only welcomes pilgrims in the holy city of Mashhad.
“Regarding the attendance of first-time-pilgrims we intend not to act in separation from donors, and this section would require the assistance and participation of the donors. The invitation in the provinces of origin, the cost of transportation and accommodation in Mashhad, is the responsibility of donors and dispatching departments, and Astan Quds Razavi will take part in feeding, health and cultural services” Director of Pilgrims Affairs of the Oppressed Relief Department of Astan Quds Razavi expressed.”
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Is it permissible to wear black Ihram?

Answer: It is discouraged to wear ihram in black cloths; as a matter of precaution, this color must be avoided and it is preferred that the ihram be of white cloths. 

The source: site said sistani 

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Is it permissible to drape a mosque with black cloths?

Answer: If a mosque is draped with black cloth, or covered with a marquee in preparation of Majlis to be read there, there will be no objection to all that if they do not have any harmful effect on the mosque, and if it does not obstruct those who come to pray. 


The source: site said sistani 

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Questions and answers about Black Clothes

Question: Following the death of a beloved, women wear black as a sign of grief and beat their faces, chests, etc. Is that permissible?
Answer: There is no problem in it. 
 
 
Question: Is it permissible to wear black Ihram?
Answer: It is discouraged to wear ihram in black cloths; as a matter of precaution, this color must be avoided and it is preferred that the ihram be of white cloths. 
 
 
Question: Is it permissible to wear black on an ordinary day when it is not coinciding with the martyrdom of one the fourteen infallibles?
Answer: It is permissible but it is reprehensible (makrooh) to wear full black. 
 
 
Question: Is it permissible to drape a mosque with black cloths?
Answer: If a mosque is draped with black cloth, or covered with a marquee in preparation of Majlis to be read there, there will be no objection to all that if they do not have any harmful effect on the mosque, and if it does not obstruct those who come to pray.
 
 
 
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What is the fatwa about selling meat of a dead animal to non-Muslims.

What is the fatwa about selling meat of a dead animal to non-Muslims.
Answer: If it has any halal benefit, there is no problem in selling it. 
 
 The source: site said sistani
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Questions and answers about Buying & Selling

Question: Can a Muslim buy or sell wine or pork to non-Muslims? What is the fatwa on the income one gets by doing such a job?
Answer: It is not permissible to sell these things and the income is not halal. 
 
 
Question: Is it permissible to buy a carving or statue of a totally naked human being, male or female? Is it permissible to buy a carving or statue of an animal and hang it for decoration?
Answer: There is no problem in the second [case of the animal]; as for the first case, if it is [considered a way of] promoting indecency, it is not allowed. 
 
 
 Question: My question is related to selling and consumption of ice-cream containing less than 0.5% ethanol type of alcohol. I purchased an ice-cream business and now I am finding out that some of the ice-cream syrup contains less than 0.5% ethanol type of alcohol. That syrup is then used to make ice-cream.
My question to you is: Can I (a Muslim) sell or eat this ice-cream made from syrup that contains less than 0.5% of ethanol type of alcohol?
Answer: If it is not intoxicating, there is no objection in it; you can buy and eat it. 
 
 
Question: What is the fatwa about selling meat of a dead animal to non-Muslims.
Answer: If it has any halal benefit, there is no problem in selling it. 
 
 
Question: What is your opinion on business and dealings with individuals or even companies, which are hostile to Islam and the Muslim nation? Can we buy their products if we know that they are supporting – either directly or indirectly – the oppression of Muslims?
Answer: It is not permissible in the said supposition. 
 
 
Question: I am running a store and I have non-Muslim customers who want me to sell them alcoholic drinks. Can a Muslim buy and sell intoxicating alcohol to non-Muslims?
Answer: It is not permissible to buy and sell alcohol. 
 
 
Question: What is your ruling on buying and playing lottery tickets and other such games of chance?
Answer: It is not permissible. 
 
 
Question: What is the Islamic law about buying a car on installments? Many auto companies and authorized car selling agencies sell new and used cars on installments. Thus, when customers go to buy those cars, the companies refer them to certain institutions such as banks and insurance companies. The companies get back the capital as well as the interest in monthly installments stretched over a number of months or years. If someone fails to pay his installments on time, the company overcharges the defaulter. The interest rate is determined on the basis of certain important factors such as the client's turnover, amount of income or timely-repayment of installments. The amount of interest generally paid is 4%, 3% or 5% or more or less. What is the Islam law with regard to buying a car on monthly installments keeping in view the foregoing details? Answer: If the loan providing companies first buy the cars from the agencies and then sell them to customers on installments with some increase (interest) as part of the prices of the cars, the transaction is in order. Indeed, if a penalty is imposed due to a customer failing to make payment on time, it is forbidden (harām).
And if it means that the companies or agencies themselves sell the cars to customers, and in return the loan providing company gives the price of the cars to their manufacturers or agencies, and receives more money on installments from the customer, it is forbidden.
 
 
 The source: site said sistani
 
 
 
 
 
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Questions and answers Arbaeen Pilgrims

Question:
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate the Merciful
To,
Grand Ayatollah Sistani (may Allah grant him long life):
Salamun alaikum warahmatullah wa barakatuh
We are a number of pilgrims setting out to Karbala to attend the Arbaeen and pay tribute to Imam Hussein, peace be upon him. In order for us to benefit from this spiritual journey and earn the reward of visiting the tomb of the Chief of Martyrs as well as to know what we do not know, we are in need of your fatherly advice which we hope to spread across all segments of the community. May Allah grant you long life. We earnestly call on you to furnish us with your advice and pray for us.
A group of Momeneen
Answer: Answer by Grand Ayatollah Sistani (may Allah grant him long life):
In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate the Merciful
Praise belongs to Allah and peace and benedictions of Allah be upon our master, Muhammad and his pure progeny.
It is befitting for momeneen (believers) whom Allah has granted success to perform pilgrimage, to note that Allah, the Exalted, selected prophets and their noble successors from amongst His servants to be divine proofs and authority over people and that whose teachings people should follow to be guided aright. Allah has encouraged people to visit the sacred sites so that those infallible leaders are continuously remembered and held in reverence. Since those nobles are the best examples of servitude to Allah, the Glorified and jihad in His way and sacrifice for the cause of His everlasting religion, visiting their shrines, commemorating them and narrating their stories will remind the memeneen of Allah, the Exalted, His doctrines and injunctions.
Hence, it is one of the essentials of this pilgrimage that the pilgrim, in addition to remembering Imam Hussein's sacrifices and devotion in the way of Allah, the Exalted, observes the teachings of Islam including those relating to prayer, hijab, self-reform, selflessness and moral etiquette etc. so that his pilgrimage may be a step towards developing and training the soul for accepting these and consolidating their effects until the next pilgrimage. It is only by so doing that attending these ceremonies will be practically the same as attending the lessons of the Imam, peace be upon him.
In fact, we have not been in the time of the Ahlul-Bayt (A.S) to learn from them directly and be educated by them, but Allah, the Exalted, has preserved their conducts for us and has persuaded us to visit them as our role models. As the contemporaries of the Ahlul-Bayt (A.S) lived with them and were put to test, Allah also wants to test us as to how far we are sincere in our desire to live with them and follow their teachings. Hence, we must be careful lest we should not falsely desire to see them. We must know that if we act as per their advice, it is hoped that we shall be resurrected along with their friends. Because it has been reported that Imam Ali (A.S) said in the Battle of Jamal:
"Today we are accompanied by those who are still in the loins of their fathers and uteruses of their mothers."
Therefore, it is not difficult for each of us who cherishes the hope to act according to the teachings of the Ahlul-Bayt and obey them to be educated in accord with their educational methods and benefit from their manners.
Fear Allah in relation to your prayers. As stated in the hadith, it is the pillar of your religion and the ascension of the believer, if it is accepted, all other acts will be accepted and if it is rejected, all other acts of worship will also be rejected.
It is befitting for believers to offer their prayers on time because Allah loves those who rush to prayer as soon as they hear the call for it. It is not appropriate for a believer to engage in any other acts of worship in the prime for prayer because prayer is the best form of obedience to Allah. It is has been narrated from the Ahlul-Bayt, peace be upon them, that they said:
"Our intercession (with Allah) will not be won or attained by that person who depreciates or undervalues the prayer".
About Imam Hussein's special attention to prayer on the Day of Ashura, it has been reported that he told his companion who reminded him of the prime time for the prayer:
"You reminded me of prayer, may Allah include you amongst those who are conscious of (their duty to) prayer."
Then and there he established prayer under a rain of arrows.
Fear Allah in sincerity inasmuch as the value and barakah of one's deeds depends on how far he is sincere in performing them for Allah's sake. Because Allah will not accept any deeds which are not purely for Him. It has been narrated from the Holy Prophet (S) that he said during Muslims' emigration from Mecca to Medina: "Whoever migrates for the sake of Allah and His Messenger, he has migrated to Him and whoever migrates to make worldly gains, he has migrated to the world. Allah will reward sincere deeds to the extent that it will increase to seven hundred folds and He doubles the rewards for whomsoever He wants."
Hence, it is necessary on the pilgrims to remember Allah and recite zikr of Allah and be mindful of every step and every deed to be for Allah's sake. They should know that Allah has not bestowed anyone with a blessing so precious as sincerity in belief, sayings and conducts. An act which is devoid of sincerity ends with the end of life in this world whereas a since act will be lasting and blessed in this world and the hereafter.
Fear Allah in observing modest clothing which is amongst the most important thing that the Ahlul-Bayt (A.S) heeded to even in the most difficult circumstances and they were the best role models in terms of observing modest clothing. Imam Hussein (A.S) was not hurt as much as he was hurt by the enemy due to violation of his dignity and respect. It is, therefore, necessary for all pilgrims especially ladies to observe modesty in their conducts, clothing and appearance and to avoid whatever is deemed a violation of this e.g. wearing close-fitting clothes, mixing up in an abominable way with members of the opposite gender and wearing inadmissible jewelry. In fact, it is befitting for believers that in order for them to keep the sacred ceremony untainted, they have to, as far as possible, adhere to the highest levels of modesty.
We pray to Almighty Allah to elevate the position of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him and his descendants, and his pure family (A.S), due to the sacrifices they made in the way of Allah and their efforts to guide His creatures. May He increase salawat (greeting) and blessings on them as He has sent greetings to previous prophets especially Ibrahim and his family.
We also pray to Allah to bestow barakah upon the pilgrimage of the pilgrims of Imam Hussein, peace be upon him and accept it in the best way as He accepts the deeds of His noble servants so that they may, through their lifestyle and deeds in this pilgrimage, be a role model for others for the rest of their lives and be rewarded for their love of and obedience to the household of the Prophet (A.S) and for preaching his mission.
Let's hope that on the Day of Judgment when everyone of the people are called with his Imam, they (pilgrims) are called with the Ahlul-Bayt (A.S) and that those who are martyred in this way, they are, due to their sacrifices and the sufferings which they have gone through, resurrected with Hussein, peace be upon him and his friends. Verily, He is all Hearing, Ever Responsive.

The source: site said sistani 

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Is the Third Testimony a part of Adhan and Iqamah?

Answer: Ash hadu anna Amiral Mu'minina Aliyyan waliyyullah is not a part of either Adhan or Iqamah. But it is preferable that it is pronounced after Ash hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulul lah with the Niyyat of Qurbat.
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Questions and answers Adhan and Iqamah

Question: If any one is praying at home, does he require to call Adhan for each prayer followed by Iqamah?
Answer: It suffices to call Adhan for both prayers if he/she combines between the prayers. 
 
 Question: Is the Third Testimony a part of Adhan and Iqamah?
Answer: Ash hadu anna Amiral Mu'minina Aliyyan waliyyullah is not a part of either Adhan or Iqamah. But it is preferable that it is pronounced after Ash hadu anna Muhammadan Rasulul lah with the Niyyat of Qurbat.
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Does cat hair affect your prayers.

Does cat hair affect your prayers.
Answer: According to Grand Ayatollah Sistani, cat hair does not affect the prayers. 
 
 
The source: site said sistani 
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Is it permissible to keep a dog? If not, why?

Is it permissible to keep a dog? If not, why?
Answer: It is permissible to keep a guard dog but dogs are najis. 
 
 The source: site said sistani
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If a dog licks my body or clothes, how should I purify it?

If a dog licks my body or clothes, how should I purify it?
Answer: It is sufficient to wash it once. However, if the water is little, it is necessary to rid it of the water by wringing. 
 
 
The source: site said sistani 
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Can I keep a cat in my house?

Can I keep a cat in my house?
Answer: There is no problem. 
 
 The source: site said sistani
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Questions and answers about Animals

Question: Can I keep a cat in my house?
Answer: There is no problem. 
 
Question: If a dog licks my body or clothes, how should I purify it?
Answer: It is sufficient to wash it once. However, if the water is little, it is necessary to rid it of the water by wringing. 
 
Question: Is it permissible to keep a dog? If not, why?
Answer: It is permissible to keep a guard dog but dogs are najis. 
 
Question: Does cat hair affect your prayers.
Answer: According to Grand Ayatollah Sistani, cat hair does not affect the prayers. 
 
The source: site said sistani 
 
 
 
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Questions and answers about Adultery

Question: If an unmarried girl and an unmarried boy have had pre-marital sex, are they allowed to enter marriage contract with each other?
Answer: Yes, they are allowed.


Question: What is meant by the expression “an adulterous woman known for adultery” that is used in the Manuals of Islamic Laws?
Answer: It means that such a woman is known among the people for committing adultery in which case, it is not permissible to marry her as an obligatory precaution. 
 
 
 Question: If a married woman commits adultery with a man, what would be your ruling about them.
Answer: The married woman becomes permanently haram for him. 
 
 
Question: Is it permissible to be party to temporary marriage with a woman who is “known for adultery”, if no other woman is available and the person is in desperate need of marriage?
Answer: Based on obligatory precaution, one should refrain from marrying such a woman except after her repentance . 
 
 
 
Question: A man lived with a woman whom he intended to marry and also had sex with her without entering into a marriage contract (‘aqd); thereafter he married her in the proper religious way. Is their co-habitation before the ‘aqd considered marriage in the eyes of religious law? Does the subsequent ‘aqd have retroactive effect? What will be the status of the children born before the ‘aqd?
Answer: In [an Islamic] marriage, the spousal relationship is established by the verbal expression of the proposition and the acceptance. More over no action or deed that reflects the intention of marriage can be a substitute for the spoken words. Consequently, the marriage mentioned in the question is not valid except after the pronouncement of the religious marriage formula that does not have any retroactive effect.
As for the children, they will be considered legitimate if the parents did not know the law [requiring the ‘aqd] because their relationship will be classified as “wat’i bis-shubha”. But if both were aware of the law, their relationship is considered adulterous. Consequently the children will be deemed illegitimate. However, if only one knew about the law without the other, the children will be deemed legitimate in relation to the ignorant parent only. 
 
 
 
Question: What is the meaning of the expression used by the jurists that “there is no waiting period (‘idda) for an adulterous woman because of her adultery”?
Answer: It means that she is allowed to marry after having committed adultery without observing the ‘idda; and, if she is married, then it is permissible for her husband to have sexual relations with her without observing the ‘idda except in the case of al-wat’i bis-shubha (sexual relation established based on mistaken identity or ignorance of the law). 
 
 The source: site said sistani
 
 
 
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Questions and answers about Artificial Insemination

Question: Sometimes the sperm of a man is preserved in a sperm bank. Is it permissible for a divorced Muslim woman to use the sperm of a strange man [to artificially inseminate herself] with or without his permission and without recitation of marriage formula? What is the ruling if the sperm is that of her ex-husband, and she intends to use it during the waiting period or after it?
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When does a boy need to begin carrying out religious acts as obligatory duties?

When does a boy need to begin carrying out religious acts as obligatory duties?
Answer: He should begin performing his religious duties when he attains the age of puberty.
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When is a girl considered adult from the viewpoint of Sharia?

When is a girl considered adult from the viewpoint of Sharia?
Answer: She is considered adult at the completion of nine lunar years (equal to eight years and eight months and twenty days of the solar calendar).
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How is puberty confirmed?

How is puberty confirmed?
Answer: Puberty in males could be confirmed if one of three signs was present.
1. First: Completion of fifteen lunar calendar years of age (equal to 14 years and seven months and fifteen days of the solar calendar).
2. Second: Ejaculation through sexual intercourse, or seminal discharge while awake or asleep.
3.Third: The presence of pubic hair, of the rough type, similar to head hair.
4. Fourth: The presence of hair on the face and above the lips.
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autopsy on the body of the deceased

Question: In certain cases, some governmental agencies demand that autopsy be performed on the body of the deceased to establish the cause of death. When is it permissible to agree to their demand and when is it not?
Answer: No heir of a deceased Muslim is allowed to give consent for autopsy to be carried out on the body of the deceased for the purpose mentioned above and other similar purposes; and it is necessary for him to prevent the autopsy if possible. Of course, if another important factor at play that of equal or more importance than this basic rule such as securing the life of an innocent individual, it is permissible .
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What is your ruling on an autopsy of a deceased Muslim?

What is your ruling on an autopsy of a deceased Muslim?
Answer: It is not permissible to perform autopsy on the body of a dead Muslim for the sake of education and other purposes. It is only permissible, if the life of another Muslim depends on it—even if it is sometime in the future.
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Is mourning for Imam Hussain and other Infallibles (a.s.) recommended?

Is mourning for Imam Hussain and other Infallibles (a.s.) recommended?
Answer: Yes, it is recommended and God will reward those who sincerely revive their memories and commemorate their martyrdom?
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What is the philosophy of Azadari (mourning and lamentation) for Imam Husain?

What is the philosophy of Azadari (mourning and lamentation) for Imam Husain?
Answer: There is no doubt that the tragedy of Kerbala, when ascribed to the killers, is a criminal and terrible act. However when ascribed to Husain (A) himself, it represents a
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we have been placing candles in our local mosque as a sign of grief and lamentation. Can we give lamps to the mosque instead of burning candles?

Over the past thirty years, we have been placing candles in our local mosque as a sign of grief and lamentation. Can we give lamps to the mosque instead of burning candles?
Answer: There is no problem in it.
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some men taking off their shirts in the mourning procession? Is it permissible or forbidden?

I wanted to ask you about some men taking off their shirts in the mourning procession? Is it permissible or forbidden?
Answer: There is no problem in it per se but if one takes off his shirt to attract women's attention, it is not permissible.
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Is there any objection to people holding up chandeliers or flags ahead of the mourning processions?

Is there any objection to people holding up chandeliers or flags ahead of the mourning processions?
Answer: There is no objection.
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What is the Islamic Law on wearing full black during the months of Muharram and Safar?

What is the Islamic Law on wearing full black during the months of Muharram and Safar? Is it recommended or abominable (makrooh)?
Answer: It is good to wear black and its abominableness is not proved.
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Is it haram or makrooh (reprehensible) to work on Ashura?

Is it haram or makrooh (reprehensible) to work on Ashura?
Answer: It is befitting for shopkeepers to shut down their shops and close their businesses on the occasion of the martyrdom of the Ahlul-Bayt, peace be upon them. In fact, if keeping shops open is considered disrespectful to the Ahlul-Bayt, peace be upon them, it is necessary to avoid doing so.
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Is it permissible for men to take off their shirts while beating their chests?

I would like to ask your opinion about taking off the shirts in mourning processions. Is it permissible for men to take off their shirts while beating their chests?
Answer: It is not haram (forbidden) by itself.
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